New Delhi : Democracy means rule of the general public. Public, by the public, for the public. On Monday, former President Pranab Mukherjee called for the need to strengthen democracy to meet this definition in Indian perspective. He said that due to increase in the number of voters, the people’s representatives have become non-proportional. The Lok Sabha seat number should be increased from 543 to one thousand for the correct and equal representation of all.
This is how Lok Sabha seat number is fixed
The current seats of Lok Sabha were decided on the basis of 1971 census. The population of the country was 55 crores in this census. Due to the concept of one seat on a population of one million, then the number of members of the Lok Sabha was fixed at 543. The population of India has reached 121 crores in the 2011 census. This means more than double the 1971 population. In this context, an average of 22.29 lakh people now sit on a Lok Sabha member. This ratio needs to be reduced. Only then can we realize the idealized concept of public representativeness.
Where what ratio
According to Pew Research, in many democracies of the world, the proportion of public representatives and people is much less.
Impact on states
If the Lok Sabha seats were increased according to the population, then in many states, these seats will be less than the present in many states. An analysis by Carnegie India suggests that if the Lok Sabha seats were decided on the basis of the 2011 census, the seats in the southern states would be reduced. Seven seats will be reduced in Tamil Nadu, five in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, five in Kerala. There will be eight seats in Uttar Pradesh, six in Bihar and five seats in Rajasthan. In such a situation, this decision can also become a reason for controversy.
In such cases, another idea is considered to improve the proportion of representation. According to experts, the country should move from a first past the post electoral system to a system of proportional representation. Although it does not talk about seat numbers, the main concern is to increase proportional representation. Under the current electoral system, a candidate is declared victorious if he gets one vote more than his opponent. But in many modern democracies of the world, the proportional system is in force. In which political parties are divided on the basis of votes polled in elections.
Profit and loss
Those who support the proportional electoral system say that this will avoid complete majoritarianism. On the other hand, those who oppose it argue to promote unstable coalition.