Growing fruit and vegetables in the garden has already been considered environmentally friendly, but do you know that it can also prove to be an effective weapon in the fight to stop climate change.
This is what is known from the experience of a community living in Bangladesh. Scientists doing research on climate change have always warned that climate change affects the crops grown and the nutrients found in them.
Recently, a community in the Sylhet province of Bangladesh also experienced the same. Paddy cultivation with their food and source of income was destroyed due to rains before their time.
The land which was affected by the floods in the North East region of Sylhet province was hit by rain in April 2017, while farmers were expecting rain after two months. In such a situation, his entire paddy crop was ruined.
To this, Professor Zabina Gabrisch, who is working on climate impact research in Berlin and Potsdam, Germany, says, “How wrong is this because these people are not responsible for climate change and that is the one that is facing the most impact of climate change.”
In a meeting of health and climatologists organized by the Nobel Foundation in Berlin, Zabina told the BBC “Such communities are most and directly affected by climate change, because they lose their livelihood and sow their lives due to natural disasters.” They also lose nutrients in the crop. And their children suffer the most because they are growing fast. And they require many nutrients in their old age. “
Even before the rains arrived, Professor Zabina said, one-third of the women in Sylhet province were underweight and 40% of the children were permanently undernourished.
“People are already at that point in their lives where they are suffering from many diseases and they don’t have much to buffer,” Professor Zabina says, “They don’t even have any insurance.”
Professor Zabina is leading a study of flood-hit farmers in the Sylhet province of Bangladesh, and is working with more than 2,000 women in villages across the region.
According to him, more than half of the families here were greatly affected by the floods. To deal with the effects of the floods, these farmers borrowed money from lenders at high interest rates, which then drowned them in debt.
Professor Zabina’s team had already started educating this community to grow food in their gardens. These kitchen gardens were prepared on high ground, where they could grow many fruits and vegetables, and also keep chickens.
Professor Zabina told the BBC, “I don’t think these kitchen gardens can compensate for the loss of their rice crop, because it is their livelihood, but at least these kitchen gardens can help them to some extent.”
Increasing diseases due to lack of nutrients in soil
Professor Christie Eb of the Department of Global Health at the University of Washington has studied the level of nutrients in the soil.
He found in his study that the amount of carbon dioxide in crops like rice, wheat, potato and barley has increased. This means that they require less water to grow, which is not as positive as it may seem, as it means that they are able to take less micronutrients from the soil.
Research by Professor EB’s team, in a study of paddy crops, found that on average, the yield of rice showed a 30% decrease in vitamin B content. Which is very important for pregnant women.
And she warns that increasing the global temperature also means that diseases are increasing and will continue to increase.
She says, “We are at great risk from diseases spread by mosquitoes, diseases caused by diarrhea and infectious diseases. As the temperature of the earth is increasing, diseases are also changing their geographical boundaries, their seasons are long Are becoming. And this is leading to more transmission of these diseases. And this has a direct effect mainly on pregnant women and their children. That is why we have maternal and Bengal should be concerned for the health. “
As the temperature rises, so will the diseases.
Nobel laureate Peter Agra warned that climate change means diseases are increasing. Some diseases were seen in places where they had never been seen before. Especially with the rise in temperature, those diseases are also going to the height which were earlier seen in South America and or Africa.
This also matters because people living in tropical areas traditionally live at a height to avoid disease.
Peter Agra was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Agra warned that we should not take it lightly as it is a very worrying matter.
Diseases will increase directly as the temperature rises. If you think that “this cannot happen here, then you are mistaken. It is absolutely possible.”